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Recommended solution is master/agent setup, when master runs in public environment and agent is running on server located in private network. Agent is also called "on premise executor" (OPE). Jobs are then performing jobs/tasks on such agent in internal/private networks. Jenkins Agent has active connection from internal network to internet accessible Jenkins Master via recommended JNLP port tcp/9000 and keeps listening to builds/jobs. Port can be changed, but we will keep talking about 9000. NO direct or NAT network connection is required from internet to internal network. It is secure and simple solution.

Gliffy Diagram


  • Jenkins master running in public and listening on JNLP port tcp/9000Network
    • firewall opening for port tcp/9000 from relevant source agent(s) IP(s) in internal network towards internet in general (destination
  • Jenkins master
    • running in public
    • listening on JNLP port tcp/9000
    • node added according to following steps
      • Go to (remember to use correct URL of your Jenkins master)
      • Set "Node name" to relevant name useful for you
      • Choose "Permanent"
      • Set "Remote root directory" to "/home/jenkinsope"
      • Set "Launch method" to "Launch agent by connecting it to the master" previously called "Launch agent via Java Web Start"
    • copy secret/token for connecting agent
      • Go to (remember to use correct URL of your Jenkins master and replace XXX with name of your node)
      • You will see something like:

        Code Block
        Run from agent command line:
        java -jar agent.jar -jnlpUrl -secret 8b2911d98400bad5d45635b812b5f2e8e7c1d216bbbae9422a3ba57c691bf762 -workDir "/home/jenkinsope"
        Run from agent command line, with the secret stored in a file:
        echo 8b2911d98400bad5d45635b812b5f2e8e7c1d216bbbae9422a3ba57c691bf762 > secret-file
        java -jar agent.jar -jnlpUrl -secret @secret-file -workDir "/home/jenkinsope"

        Please copy only the secret, which is for example in this case "8b2911d98400bad5d45635b812b5f2e8e7c1d216bbbae9422a3ba57c691bf762"

  • Jenkins agent node (slave) servers running - or so called "on premise executor"
    • running on server in internal network(s)
    • agent service(s) with
    • service auto-start to assure automatic re-connect to Jenkins master at any time even after server reboot
      • Install dependencies
        • CentOS

          Code Block
          yum install java-1.8.0-openjdk-devel git -y
          # you can install also other dependencies that will be required for your jobs

        • Ubuntu

          Code Block
          apt-get update; apt-get install openjdk-8-jdk git -y
          # you can install also other dependencies that will be required for your jobs

      • Common steps
        • Prepare folder for config

          Code Block
          mkdir -p /data/configs

        • Create service file /tmp/jenkinsope.service

          Code Block
          Description=Jenkins Slave On Premise Executor

          # EnvironmentFile cannnot be used on Debian/Ubuntu anymore - Reference:
          # So we are using drop-in config /etc/systemd/system/jenkinsope.service.d/local.conf
          ExecStart=/usr/bin/java -Xms${JAVA_MEMORY} -Xmx${JAVA_MEMORY} -jar /usr/bin/agent.jar -jnlpUrl ${MASTER_URL}/computer/${SLAVE_NAME}/slave-agent.jnlp -secret ${SECRET} -workDir "${WORK_DIR}"

        • Create config file /data/configs/jenkinsope.conf

          Code Block

        • Install this service file

          Code Block
          useradd -m -s /bin/bash jenkinsope
          mkdir -p /home/jenkinsope/.ssh
          chmod 700 /home/jenkinsope/.ssh
          touch /home/jenkinsope/.ssh/config
          chmod 600 /home/jenkinsope/.ssh/*
          chown jenkinsope:jenkinsope -R /home/jenkinsope/.ssh
          source /data/configs/jenkinsope.conf
          wget ${MASTER_URL}/jnlpJars/agent.jar -O /usr/bin/agent.jar
          install -D -m 644 /tmp/jenkinsope.service /usr/lib/systemd/system/jenkinsope.service
          mkdir -p /etc/systemd/system/jenkinsope.service.d
          echo "[Service]" > /etc/systemd/system/jenkinsope.service.d/local.conf
          sed 's#^#Environment=#g' /data/configs/jenkinsope.conf >> /etc/systemd/system/jenkinsope.service.d/local.conf
          systemctl daemon-reload
          systemctl restart jenkinsope
          systemctl enable jenkinsope
          systemctl status jenkinsope

        • Uninstall

          Code Block
          systemctl disable jenkinsope
          systemctl stop jenkinsope
          rm -f /usr/lib/systemd/system/jenkinsope.service
          rm -rf /etc/systemd/system/jenkinsope.service.d
          systemctl daemon-reload
          userdel -r jenkinsope
          rm -rf /home/jenkinsope

        Inspired by: